a lot of spontaneity 148 recalled Davis. Armstrong's solos went well beyond the theme-improvisation concept and extemporized on chords, rather than melodies. According to AllMusic :.until around 1967, the worlds of jazz and rock were nearly completely separate. 130 As Kubik explained: While for an outside observer, the harmonic innovations in bebop would appear to be inspired by experiences in Western "serious" music, from Claude Debussy to Arnold Schoenberg, such a scheme cannot be sustained by the evidence from a cognitive approach. Rhythm Edit During this period, there was an increased use of the typical African 12/8 cross-rhythmic structure in jazz. Jazz fusion often uses mixed meters, odd time signatures, syncopation, complex chords, and harmonies. In March of 1988, Mulligan was invited to Italy by the Chancellor of the University of Bologna to take part in their 900th anniversary celebrations, with a concert in the ancient city square. Gerry Mulligan passed away in January 1996.
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37 38, lavish festivals featuring African-based dances to drums were organized on Sundays. In the last week in December 1995, in Stamford, Connecticut, the project commenced with a number of demo singers and a film crew. In January of 1994, Mulligan was elected into the Down Beat Hall of Fame. It received some criticism, however, for its failure to reflect the many distinctive non-American traditions and styles in jazz that had developed, and its limited representation of US developments in the last quarter of the 20th century. Through the 1950s and 1960s, Dixieland was one of the most commercially popular jazz styles in the US, Europe, and Japan, although critics paid little attention. His music was also featured in the films.A. Gillespie's collaboration with Pozo brought specific African-based rhythms into bebop. Music organized around key patterns convey a two-celled (binary) structure, which is a complex level of African cross-rhythm. " Manteca " (1947) is the first jazz standard to be rhythmically based on clave. In the 1980s, in addition to Wynton and Branford Marsalis, the emergence of pianists in the Jazz Messengers such as Donald Brown, Mulgrew Miller, and later, Benny Green, bassists such as Charles Fambrough, Lonnie Plaxico (and later, Peter Washington and Essiet Essiet) horn players essay aids africa such. Gerry performing with the New York Philharmonic, Avery Fisher Hall, Lincoln Center, New York, December 1989. Louis Blues " and others, included the habanera rhythm, 81 and would become jazz standards.
75 The African use of pentatonic scales contributed to the development of blue notes in blues and jazz. An important part of the sound are the microtonal blue notes which, for expressive purposes, are sung or played flattened (thus "between" the notes on a piano or gradually "bent" (minor third to major third) in relation to the pitch of the major scale. The Gerry Mulligan All-Star Tribute Band with soloists Bob Brookmeyer, Lee Konitz, and Randy Brecker, gave a concert series at the Blue Note in New York in April 1997. In 1989, Mulligan recorded Lonesome Boulevard for A M Records. Other trends Edit Jazz continued to expand and change, influenced by other types of music such as world music, avant garde classical music and rock and pop.
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